Scrapy:安装

安装

在Python2.7x86 windows环境下安装Scrapy。首先安装pywin32以及VC9

easy_install pip
pip install Scrapy

这个时候会报错。 Could not find function xmlCheckVersion in library libxml2. Is libxml2 installed?

pip install wheel
wget http://www.lfd.uci.edu/~gohlke/pythonlibs/f9r7rmd8/lxml-3.7.2-cp27-cp27m-win32.whl
pip install lxml-3.7.2-cp27-cp27m-win32.whl
pip install Scrapy

使用

一个Hello world,存储为hello.py

import scrapy

class QuotesSpider(scrapy.Spider):
    name = "quotes"
    start_urls = [
        'http://quotes.toscrape.com/tag/humor/',
    ]

    def parse(self, response):
        for quote in response.css('div.quote'):
            yield {
                'text': quote.css('span.text::text').extract_first(),
                'author': quote.xpath('span/small/text()').extract_first(),
            }

        next_page = response.css('li.next a::attr("href")').extract_first()
        if next_page is not None:
            next_page = response.urljoin(next_page)
            yield scrapy.Request(next_page, callback=self.parse)

运行: </source lang="bash"> scrapy runspider hello.py -o hello.json </bash> 结果:

[
{"text": "\u201cThe person, be it gentleman or lady, who has not pleasure in a good novel, must be intolerably stupid.\u201d", "author": "Jane Austen"},
{"text": "\u201cA day without sunshine is like, you know, night.\u201d", "author": "Steve Martin"},
{"text": "\u201cAnyone who thinks sitting in church can make you a Christian must also think that sitting in a garage can make you a car.\u201d", "author": "Garrison Keillor"},
{"text": "\u201cBeauty is in the eye of the beholder and it may be necessary from time to time to give a stupid or misinformed beholder a black eye.\u201d", "author": "Jim Henson"},
{"text": "\u201cAll you need is love. But a little chocolate now and then doesn't hurt.\u201d", "author": "Charles M. Schulz"},
{"text": "\u201cRemember, we're madly in love, so it's all right to kiss me anytime you feel like it.\u201d", "author": "Suzanne Collins"},
{"text": "\u201cSome people never go crazy. What truly horrible lives they must lead.\u201d", "author": "Charles Bukowski"},
{"text": "\u201cThe trouble with having an open mind, of course, is that people will insist on coming along and trying to put things in it.\u201d", "author": "Terry Pratchett"},
{"text": "\u201cThink left and think right and think low and think high. Oh, the thinks you can think up if only you try!\u201d", "author": "Dr. Seuss"},
{"text": "\u201cThe reason I talk to myself is because I\u2019m the only one whose answers I accept.\u201d", "author": "George Carlin"},
{"text": "\u201cI am free of all prejudice. I hate everyone equally. \u201d", "author": "W.C. Fields"},
{"text": "\u201cA lady's imagination is very rapid; it jumps from admiration to love, from love to matrimony in a moment.\u201d", "author": "Jane Austen"}
]